Monday, February 16, 2009

Gedongsongo Temple

Gedongsongo is the complex of Hindu temples which lies on the slope of mount Ungaran, around 1200 meters above sea level. Administratively, it is situated in the Candi village, Ambarawa, Semarang regency, Central Java province.

The temple is consisted of nine temples, and all of the constructed from adhesive. At the first complex called gedong pitu or seven building, because when Raffles discovered the complex, he found only seven buildings. At last, two other temples were found, since that the temple called Gedongsongo temple. At the present, from nine temples only five temples can be seen, while others are ruinous. Those five temples called gedong I until gedong V have been restored by the archeological institute. Gedong 1 & 2 were restored in 1928-1929, and 1930-1931, while gedong 3,4,5 in 1977-1983.

The date of its construction is not clear yet, but base on architecture some experts assumed that the temple was constructed almost the same time as Dieng complex, which was the eldest Hindus temple in central java, around 7-9 century.

Singosari Temple

Singosari temple, also known as Kendedes temple, was founded in honor to King Kertanegara, the last king of Singosari dynasty who died in 1292 AD. It was erected in 1300 AD at the same time when the ritual Sradha took place. In the vicinity of the temple there are two gigantic statue called Dwarapala, believed to be the entrance guards to the palace.

This temple has saved the historical story that always remember by Malang public. However, Singosari temple is a symbol of the existence of Malang regency from years ago.

As the other East Java's temple, Singosari temple is formed from red bricks and arranged in cone building, called temple. This temple also has beautiful relief that describe the great of Singosari Kingdom years ago.

Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Pawon Temple

Candi Pawon (Pawon Temple)
Pawon Temple is one and half kilometers westward from Mendut Temple and eastward from
Borobudur Temple, it is also a Buddhist temple. When appreciating in detail, its sculpture is the beginning of Borobudur sculpture.
Pawon Temple is not a grave but as a place to keep King Indra's weapon namely Vajranala. This temple was built with volcanic stones. Architecturally it is a blend of old Javanese Hindu and Indian art. Pawon temple is exactly in the central point of the straight line stretched from
Borobudur to Mendut Temple.
Perhaps it was built for kubera. It is on a wide rather terrace with steps. All parts are decorated with stupa(s) on dagoba(s) and its outside walls with symbolic pictures.